Home Remedy for Mouth Ulcers in Adults and Children
A mouth ulcer is a sore in the delicate tissue inside of the mouth ( the mucous membranes) that usually occurs because of an abrasion that gets infected and becomes inflamed and sore. Mouth ulcers are usually found on gums, inside the cheek, inside the bottom lip, or on the tongue. Mouth ulcers, also known as canker sores, are common in people of all ages, including children and the incidence various considerably, perhaps related to diet and vitamin status. There is a wide variety of causes ranging from a simple abrasions in the mouth from food, eating candy, a toothbrush or a hit on the head or face, digestive problems, chemical irritation, anaemia, tobacco abuse, vitamin and nutritional deficiencies, particularly vitamin B12, vitamin C.
Usually, infrequent mouth ulcers, like skin abrasions, are harmless and are repaired naturally in a few days without any need for professional medical treatment. Persistent, severe, widespread and regularly occurring ulcers may require professional medical consultation and treatment. Aphthous ulcers, which returnfrequently with no apparent cause, occur in about 20% of the population. Consult a doctor if you are afflicted by regular mouth ulcer attacks without obvious causes or if the ulcers do not clear up within a couple of days.
This article contains some helpful advice about home remedies for minor and non-recurrent mouth ulcers. Home remedies cannot miraculously cure ulcers, but can relieve the symptoms, help the natural repair processes and so the avoid risk of complications.
Symptoms of Mouth Ulcers
The symptoms vary considerably, but may include:
Pain and tenderness
Round sores inside the bottom lip, on the gums, and on the inside of the cheeks, on the tongue or elsewhere inside the mouth
Problems with chewing or tenderness when cleaning teeth
Swollen and red inflamed skin around the sores, and a white spot in the center (pus), sometimes yellow or grey.
The sores get irritated or tender when salty, spicy or sour foods are eaten
Loss of appetite
Causes of Mouth Ulcers
There is a wide range of possible causes including:
Accidental biting of the cheek
Abrasion cause by eating hard lollies or candy, chewing a bone or hard food
Abrasion caused when using a toothbrush (such as jerking or slipping while brushing)
Abrasion or rubbing against sharp or misaligned teeth
Rubbing by braces and dentures
Eating a lot of sugary foods and snacks
Generally poor oral hygiene, such as not cleaning teeth
Damage from eating extremely hot food
Deficiencies in Vitamin C, vitamin B12 and zinc can contribute
Viral infections such as Herpes simplex (cold sore)
Side effects of various drugs
Various Auto-immune diseases
In serious cases, various diseases and infections such as Syphilis, cancers, tuberculosis, AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease, hand-foot-mouth syndrome, diabetes
Home Treatment for Mouth Ulcers
Some of the best home remedies include:
Drinking plenty of fluids
Avoiding hot, spicy and sour foods.
Regular mouth rinses with warm, slightly salted water, and gargling with salty water.
Salt applied directly to the ulcer using a wet finger or cotton bud dipped in salt
Keeping your mouth clean and regularly brushing your teeth.
Breaking a vitamin B tablet and holding it against the ulcer using your tongue lip or cheek
Taking analgesics such as paracetamol.
Honey, which has healing properties
Applying antiseptic gel to the ulcers.
Using a medicated mouthwash.
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as antihistamines
Prevention of Mouth Ulcers
To reduce to risk of mouth ulcers try these:
Buy a new softer toothbrush or an electric one that causes less abrasion in the mouth.
Regularly brush your teeth at least twice every day without abasing your gums
Brush your teeth very gently and properly and avoid jerking and slipping when brushing.
Stop eating hard sweet and candy and other hard food items
Avoid eating sharp edged food like dry bread, hard biscuits or potato crisps
Improve your diet and take a vitamin supplement that includes vitamins B, C, D and E.
Checking for any underlying diseases and medical causes